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Properties

Strontium is a chemical element with the chemical symbol Sr. It has the atomic number 38.

Strontium has 38 protons and electrons. Strontium has a mass number of 88,[1] giving a strontium atom 50 neutrons. It is a silver-colored metal in the Alkaline Earth Metals group, however, exposing it to air can turn it yellowish in color. Strontium has a melting point of 777 oC and a boiling point of 1 377 oC.

Flame Test

Sr

A bright red Strontium Flame

Strontium and its compounds give a red coloration in the Flame Test, as seen in this picture:

Thus, Strontium compounds are used in red fireworks.

References

  1. Meija, J.; et al. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure and Applied Chemistry. 88 (3): 265–91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305.